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Basketball is a sport between two teams that takes place on a basketball court. Each team must score At the end of the game, the winner is the team that scores the most points by putting the basketball into the other team’s basket. Each NBA basketball game has four 12 minute quarters (48 minutes) and a 15 minute halftime period that takes place between the second and third quarters. However, games are NEVER 63 minutes long because the clock is stopped for timeouts and foul shots.

 

THERE ARE 30 NBA TEAMS

There are 30 Football teams with 15 in the Eastern Conference  and 15 in the Western Conference. Both conferences have three divisions with five teams in each.

 

THERE ARE 11 PLAYERS ON A BASKETBALL TEAM, BUT ONLY 5 CAN BE ON THE COURT DURING GAMEPLAY

A BASKETBALL COURT IS 94 FEET LONG BY 50 FEET WIDE

A BASKETBALL GAME IS SUPPOSED TO BE  63 MINUTES LONG, BUT IT NEVER IS

A basketball game is has four 12 minute quarters (48 minutes) and a 15 minute half time, making an NBA game 63 minutes in length. However the game is generally much longer than that because of time outs, the game clock stopping between plays,  and commercial breaks. 

 

EACH TEAM PLAYS 82 GAMES DURING THE NBA REGULAR SEASON

Each team plays a total of 82 games during the regular season with the possibly to play an undetermined number more in the post season. In total, there are 1230 games played during the NBA regular season when every game is counted. 

THE JUMPBALL AND FIRST POSSESION

Each Basketball game beings with a jump ball. That is when the starting five players of each team gathered at the middle of the basketball court where the home team’s logo is. The referee stands in the center of the court in between the players and tosses the ball into the air. The tallest player on each team jumps into the air to claim the ball or to tap it to one of their teammates. The player who gets that ball secures the first possession and chance to score a basket for their team, putting them on offense while the other team is on defense.

Once a team has possession of the ball, they have 24 seconds to make a basket and that time is monitored by shot clocks that are on top of the baskets, jumbotron, and at the scorer’s table. If they attempt a shot and shoot a “brick,” which means they miss but manage to hit the backboard or rim, but manage to get the rebound, the shot clock is reset to 14 seconds. If the team shoots an airball and get the ball without making another shot or no shot is made before 24 seconds expire, the team has committed a turnover and the other team gets possession of the ball.

While the offense is doing everything they can to make a shot, the team on defense must do everything that can to stop them from scoring without making extreme physical contact with the opposing players. They can block shots, steal the ball, or deny all scoring options until the shot clock expires.

After a team scores or loses possession of the ball, they are no longer on offense and are now on defense. The team that was on defense gets possession of the ball, is now on offense, and has a chance to score a basket. Teams switch between offense and defense countless times throughout the game.

During the course of a game, the ball will exchange hands hundreds of times, time outs will be taken by both teams, fouls will be committed, foul shots will be taken, and anywhere upwards of 80 points will be scored. At the end of all of that, the team with the most points wins.

There are 30 NBA teams, that are divided equally between the Eastern Conference and Western Conference. Each of those leagues has three divisions with five teams in each. In the Easteren Conference, there are the Atlantic, Central, and Southeast Divisions. In the Western Conference, there are the Northwest, Pacific, and Southwest Divisions. 

ATLANTIC DIVISION TEAMS

TORONTO RAPTORS

PHILADEPHIA 76ERS

BROOKLYN NETS

NEW YORK KNICKS

BOSTON CELTICS

CENTRAL DIVISION TEAMS

MILWAUKEE BUCKS

INDIANA PACERS

DETROIT PISTONS

CHICAGO BULLS

CLEVELAND CAVALIERS

SOUTHEAST DIVISON TEAMS

MIAMI HEAT

ORLANDO MAGIC

CHAROLETTE HORNETS

WASHINGTON WIZARDS

ATLANTA HAWKS

NORHTWEST TEAMS

ATLANTA BRAVES

MIAMI MARLINS

NY METS

PHILADELPHIA PHILLYS

WASHINGTON NATIONALS

PACIFIC TEAMS

GOLDEN STATE WARRIORS

LOS ANGELES CLIPPERS

SACRAMENTO KINGS

LOS ANGELES LAKERS

PHEONIX SUNS

SOUTHWEST TEAMS

HOUSTON ROCKETS

SAN ANTONIO SPURS

NEW ORLEANS PELICANS

MEMPHIS GRIZZLIES

SAN FRANCISCO GIANTS

Field Goal (2 POINTS)

This is the most popular way of scoring and can be a layup, dunk, or jump shot. All that is required is that it is made from within the 3-point line. 

3 Pointer (3 POINTS)

This shot takes place from behind the three point line and was once an elusive tool of NBA guards. Now, because of Steph Curry the 3 pointer is used to spread the defense because of it’s increased percentage make it so the defense must rush out to the perimeter to contest it. Since that is the case, all players, including centers, feel they need to develop 3 point shots so they are not at a consitent disadvantage. 

Foul Shot (1 POINT)

A foul shot is taken when a player fouls another player or make a violation. Each foul shot is ALWAYS worth one point and is taken at the foul line. 

The Playoffs

After each team plays 82 regular season games, the top 8 from the Eastern Conference and the top 8 from the Western Conference, for a total of 16 teams, go to the playoffs.  The goal of the playoffs is to decide who is the best team in the East and the West so those two teams can battle it so the winner can be named as the NBA Champion.

Eastern and Western Conference Finals 

These games decide who the best teams in the east and west and the first round beings with eight teams in each conference. That is a five game series and the first team who wins 3 games wins. The four teams who win their series in the first round advance to the Eastern and Western Semifinals. That is eight game series the four winning teams of the first round face off. The two winners of that round go to the conference finals to decide who the best teams in the East and West.

NBA Finals

The two winners of the Eastern and Western conference finals go to the NBA finals.  The NBA finals is an eight game series and the first team to win five games win and is crowned the NBA Champion.

Point Gaurd

The point guard is the primary ball handler of the team and should have the best playmaking, passing, and dribbling skills. They often call plays and set up the offense at the beginning of a possession or when there is a decision to pull back from a fast break.

Shooting Gaurd

The shooting guard makes up the backcourt with the point guard and is supposed to be the best outside shooter of the team with the ability to sink threes. They are often expected to be instant offense and primarily on the court to score.

Center

The center is generally the tallest and largest player on a team with the ability to rebound, block shots and control the paint. Traditionally, they were expected to dominate and finish plays in the paint with a close-range shot or even a dunk without being highly mobile or having great ball handling skills. Now, many centers are highly mobile, can dribble., and can sink a few threes every now and then.

Power Forward

The power forward is similar to the center and can play in the post, grab rebounds, block shots and take mid-range and short range shots. But unlike the traditional centers, they are supposed to be highly mobile and capable of snatching as many rebounds as possible.

Small Forward

The small forward is smaller and quicker than the power forward but generally bigger than the traditional guard. Many times the small forward is a skilled ball handler and passer and can muscle to the basket in ways that may be harder than a traditional guard.

Point Gaurd

While on defense, the gaurd defends the other gaurd in the man to man defense. gaurd are generally not exopected to block shots or defend in the paint, but they are expected to get steals and try to keep the gaurd out of the paint. 

Shooting Gaurd

While on defense, the shooting gaurd basically has the same duties as the point gaurd aside from the fact they are expected to gaurd the other shooting gaurd. 

Center

While on defense, the center is exected to be the main defender in the paint. They are supposed to defend drives in the paint, block shots, and get rebounds.

Power Forward

While on defense, the power forward is supposed to be an extenion of what the center does but beyond the paint. They are expeted to stop drives within the paint and deep within the three point line, black shots, get rebouds, and possibly steals. 

Small Forward

While on defense, the power forward is, once again a smaller version of the power forward. Since that is the case, they are expected to perferm the same defensive duties as their larger counterparts.

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